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In 1756 Fredrick II once again waged war against Maria Theresa’s empire.His attack culminated in the Seven Years War, during which Maria Theresa tried to reclaim Silesia.
As a result, the affected territories lent Austria’s weakened army significantly more military power.Subjects of her crown lands—the Austrian duchies and Netherlands, and Bohemia and Hungary—were quick to accept Maria Theresa as their empress.But Maria Theresa immediately faced resistance to her succession from European powers who had previously agreed to her father’s Pragmatic Sanction.“I found myself without money, without credit, without army, without experience and knowledge of my own and finally, also without any counsel because each one of them at first wanted to wait and see how things would develop.”Maria Theresa was born May 13, 1717, in Vienna, Austria. In resistance, Frederick II’s army invaded and claimed Silesia.The war ended in 1748, after which she reformed her government and military. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and his wife, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, welcomed their first daughter, Maria Theresa, into the world on May 13, 1717.Under the leadership of Frederick II, King of Prussia, those powers formed a coalition against Maria Theresa.
By December of that year, Frederick II’s army invaded Silesia, an Austrian province, and claimed it for his kingdom.
In 1765 Maria Theresa’s husband, Francis Stephen, died.
Upon his death, Maria Theresa appointed her eldest son, Joseph II, as emperor and co-regent. After considering her own abdication and ultimately rejecting the idea, Maria Theresa allowed Joseph to take control of army reforms and join Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, in determining the empire’s foreign policy.
In 1756 Frederick II waged the Seven Years War against her. She was born at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria.
Maria Theresa’s father was the last remaining male heir to the Habsburg throne, so before she was born, fearing that he might not produce a son, Charles VI reformed the Salic Law, which prevented any female heir from succeeding her father.
Austria also benefited from the wealth produced by those provinces’ industries.