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It was the pope's habit to date his letters by the regnal years of the emperor and letters so dated may be seen in Bede's "Ecclesiastical History", just as they were copied from the Roman archives.
The best known of these was the counting by "indictions".The six-time Grammy winner was discussing her death-defying Super Bowl show when the On Air With Ryan Seacrest host asked if she celebrated her successful performance with a “wild and dangerous” man after the game. The six-time Grammy winner has been single since she ended her engagement to Taylor Kinney in July.At the time, she told fans that she and the Chicago Fire actor, 35, believed they were “soulmates” and they were “taking a break” to work through their hectic schedules. Xoxo, gaga A post shared by xoxo, Gaga (@ladygaga) on She explained to Seacrest why she chose to speak out.Taking eight such documents, the eight earliest which we can quote with confidence and dated respectively 679, 692, 697, 732, 734, 736, 740, 759, we may notice says Professor Earle (Land Charters, Introduc., p.xxxiii) that "of this series the first five though all more or less dated, whether by the month or the regnal year, or by the Indiction, or by all these at once, have not the Anno Domini.On the other hand, the last three agree in using the Christian Era and from this time the practice is continuous.
In the intervening year which breaks this series into two parts falls the death of Bede A. 735." Very noteworthy is the decree of an English synod held in 816, wherein it is prescribed that the bishop shall put the acts of the synod into writing and date them by the Era of the Incarnation.
Although, as explained in the article GENERAL CHRONOLOGY, the monk known as Dionysius Exiguus, when resident in Rome, c.
527, seems to have been the first to initiate the practice of calculating years from the birth of Christ and although it was undoubtedly he who identified the year of Christ's birth with the year 753 of the foundation of Rome, as is still done in our current chronology, nevertheless it was not until long after the age of Dionysius Exiguus that the system came into common use.
Thus, for example, meant the fourth year of some particular indiction and not the fourth cycle of fifteen years after B. 3; from which it follows that merely to know the year of the indiction is useless for determining the absolute date of any document unless we know otherwise approximately the period to which the document belongs.
In reckoning the beginning and consequently the determining-point of the indiction-cycles four different systems were adopted: the .
As a rule the charters emanating from the chancery of the Western Emperors are much more liable to this form of error than those of the Holy See (Bresslau, ib., 844). In any case it remains certain and is admitted by all serious writers upon diplomatics that the mere fact that an erroneous date occurs in a document, especially when we are dealing with the earlier Middle Ages, cannot by itself be accepted as a proof, or even a presumption, of the spuriousness of the document.