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Resources and bibliography Introduction [RE] [RH] [RI] [RO] *John Rand, 37 Howland St, Fitzroy Square, London 1840-1846, 16 Berners St 1847-1848, artist and inventor of metallic collapsible paint tube, John Rand & Co 1848-1859, patent collapsible tube manufacturers for artists’ colours, Rand, Thorne & Co 1860-1863, Rand & Co 1864-1868, 24a Cardington St 1848-1868.John Goffe Rand (1801-73), American artist and inventor of the metallic collapsible paint tube, took out patents in London on 6 March 1841 and 29 September 1842, and in America on 11 September 1841, relating to metallic collapsible tubes (see si.edu/exhibits/pastexhibits/treasures/0044.htm). Most of Rand’s business was with the big manufacturing artists’ colourmen, for example with Roberson which made purchases until 1865 (Hamilton Kerr Institute, MS 180-1993).
Contributions are welcome, to Jacob Simon at [email protected] business had an account with Roberson, May 1842-1863, under the names of J.Rand, Rand & Co, Rand's Tubes Exported, Rand Thorne & Co Tubes Exported, from various London addresses, and a separate New York account as Rand & Co in 1850 (Woodcock 1997).Rayner advertised as ‘Wholesale Artists’ Colourman and Canvas Manufacturer. De Prades’s , 1883 (Walker Art Gallery, see Morris 1996).Genuine Ultramarine & Fine Colour Maker’ (1874 p.38). In later censuses, he was recorded as a fine art dealer, trading on his own account, living in Lewisham in 1901, and as a picture cleaner, trading on his own account from his home in Blackheath in 1911.She continued the business until it was taken on in 1870 by her son, John Reeves.
He was listed in the 1871 census at 6 Whitfield St as artists’ colourman, age 27, with wife Annie, age 25, and a young daughter.
He appeared before a court for insolvent debtors in 1852, described as an artists’ colourman and tailor ((Sir David and Lady Scott coll., Sotheby’s 19 November 2008 lot 82). He devised an improved mill for grinding painter’s colours, recommended by the Royal Society of Arts and commended by John Middleton (qv), 1804 (, vol.22, 1804, see Harley 1982 pp.38-9, Fairbairne 1982 p.38).
He also produced a bladder with a wooden stopper, 1804 (Ayres 1985 p.110).
Thereafter, he was in business as a picture dealer and restorer.
According to census records, Arthur Rayner was born c.1847 in Purleigh, Essex.
For Rand’s personal papers, see Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington (copy of Rand's will, family correspondence, biographical sketches, including an unpublished biography by Mary Elizabeth Franklin, list of portraits painted by Rand; 2 U. patents for changes to the collapsible paint tube, one of the first collapsible tubes for oil paint produced by a factory, etc). *Robert Rawcliffe, 26 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Square, London 1844-1852, 35 Chenies Mews 1853-1854.