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They only vote for their members of Parliament and thus influence the choice of the prime minister indirectly. Advise him on crucial political choices, devise the general strategies the administration will follow in pursuing congressional and public suport, and control access to the president to ensure that he has enough time for his most important tasks. The president often chooses cabinet members because of their reputations or to give his cabinet some racial, ethnic, geographic, gender, or religious balance, not because they are personally close to the president or easy for him to work with. Senatorial courtesy- a practice whereby the Senate will not confirm for a lower federal court judgeship a nominee who is opposed by the senior senator in the president's party in the nominee's state.

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Kenny Rogers famously said, "You've gotta know when to hold 'em, know when to fold 'em, know when to walk away, and know when to run."Woolworths took a big gamble expanding into hardware and it seems like its previous management didn't take the country music legend's advice.This is why you are starting to see these editorial boards around the world say wait a minute. is neither Democrat nor Republican, Liberal or Conservative.You also have to prove that they solicited, not that they raised money, that they solicited. Before creating and producing the site, Greg spent nearly 9 years as a network and investigative correspondent.In trying to explain how political opinions are formed and how they change, political scientists cite the process of political socialization, the influence of cultural factors, and the interplay of ideology? Allwright that laws preventing blacks from voting in primary elections were unconstitutional, holding that party primaries are part of the continuous process of electing public officials. To increase turnout of young people, and organization called "Rock the Vote" was formed in 1990 within the recording industry "to inform young Americans that their rights were in danger of being limited by a government in which they had little or no influence. Besides burdensome registration procedures, another factor usually cited to explain low turnout in American elections is the lack of political parties that mobilize the vote of particular social groups, especially lower-income and less-educated people. Freedom to participate also means that individuals should be able to use their wealth, connections, knowledge, organizational power, or any other resource to influence government decisions, provided they do so legally. They believe that parties are necessary for democratic gov't; at the same time, they think parties are somehow obstructionist and not to be trusted. Nominating Candidates- Without political parties, voters would confront a bewildering array of self-nominated candidates, each seeking votes on the basis of personal friendships, celebrity status, or name recognition. Structuring the Voting Choice- Political parties also help democratic government by structuring the voting choice- reducing the number of candidates on the ballot to those who have a realistic chance of winning. Proposing Alternative Government Programs- Parties also help voters choose among candidates by proposing alternative programs of government action-the general policies their candidates will pursue if they gain office. The twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, required the electoral college to vote separately for president and vice president, implicitly recognizing that parties would nominate different candidates for the two offices. In the early 1850's, antislavery forces began to organize. - The Republicans' majority status ended in the critical election of 1932 between incumbent president Herbert Hoover and the Democratic challenger, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Different but Similar- The Democrats and Republicans have very different ideological orientations.Those with higher income are more likely to favor personal choice in abortion and to oppose government guarantees of employment and living conditions.- the groups with more education and higher income favor freedom Respondents who readily locate themselves on a single dimension running from liberal to conservative often go on to contradict their self-placement when answering questions that trade freedom for either order or equality.o The main value of schemas for understanding how opinions are formed is that they remind us that opinion questions trigger many different images, connections, and values in the mind of each respondent. The first commercial color broadcast came in 1951, as did the first coast-to -coast broadcast- President Harry Truman's address to delegates at the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco. Private ownership of both the print and broadcast media gives the news industry in America more political freedom than any other in the world, but it also makes the media more dependent on advertising revenues to cover their costs & make a profit. One notable exception concerns strategic information during wartime; the courts have supported censorship of information such as the sailing schedules of troop ships or the planned movements of troops in battle. Equal opportunities rule- the FCC required any broadcast station that gave or sold time to a candidate for a public office to make an equal amount of time available under the same conditions to all other candidates for that office. In 1987 under President Reagan, the FCC itself moved toward this view of unfettered freedom for broadcasters by repealing a 3rd rule, the fairness doctrine, which had obligated broadcasters to provide fair coverage of all views on public issues. Americans overwhelmingly believe that the media exert a strong influence on their political institutions, and nearly nine out of ten Americans believe that the media strongly influence public opinion. On the other hand, the media erode public confidence by detailing politicians' extramarital affairs, airing investigative reports of possible malfeasance in office, and even showing television dramas about crooked cops. Wealthy and conservative media owners are suspected of persevering inequalities and reinforcing the existing order by serving a relentless round of entertainment that numbs the public's capacity for critical analysis. The media now have to do to do a better job of reporting mass opinion than ever before, and they use the tools extensively, practicing "precision journalism" with sophisticated data-collection and analysis techniques. Champions of direct democracy believe that if citizens do not participate directly in government affairs, making government decisions themselves, they should give up all pretense of living in a democracy. At meetings in Jackson, Michigan, and Ripon, Wisconsin, they recommended the formation of a new party, the Republican Party, to oppose the extension of slavery into the Kansas and Nebraska territories. Yet many observers claim that the parties are really quite similar in ideology compared to the different parties of other countries. National convention- every 4 years, each party assembles thousands of delegates from the states and U. territories in a national convention for the purpose of nominating a candidate for president.To put that in perspective, Wesfarmers generates about 10 per cent from investments in its Coles supermarket business, even after its much-vaunted turnaround.

You would have thought, given the strong profit margins and sales growth that Bunnings achieves, that there would be plenty of room for a significant second player to do at least reasonably well.

Australia's home improvement market is worth over $40 billion a year, and one of the few retail segments that has been posting consistently strong growth in recent years.

It is dominated by one major player, Bunnings, owned by Wesfarmers, which manages to generate roughly a 30 per cent return on the money it invests into the business.

Kdo má dostatečný morální kredit, aby mohl přednášet na vysoké škole?

Masarykova univerzita v Brně pod vedením rektora Mikoláše Beka v tom asi nemá úplně jasno.

He worked for ABC News and Good Morning America for nearly 6 years.